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Mediterranean Encounters traces the layered history of Galata—a Mediterranean and Black Sea port—to the Ottoman conquest, and its transformation into a hub of European trade and diplomacy as well as a pluralist society of the early modern period. Framing the history of Ottoman-European encounters within the institution of ahdnames (commercial and diplomatic treaties), this thoughtful book offers a critical perspective on the existing scholarship. For too long, the Ottoman empire has been defined as an absolutist military power driven by religious conviction, culturally and politically apart from the rest of Europe, and devoid of a commercial policy. By taking a close look at Galata, Fariba Zarinebaf provides a different approach based on a history of commerce, coexistence, competition, and collaboration through the lens of Ottoman legal records, diplomatic correspondence, and petitions. She shows that this port was just as cosmopolitan and pluralist as any large European port and argues that the Ottoman world was not peripheral to European modernity but very much part of it.

Source:www.ucpress.edu



Andrew Lambert, author of The Challenge: Britain Against America in the Naval War of 1812—winner of the prestigious Anderson Medal—turns his attention to Athens, Carthage, Venice, the Dutch Republic, and Britain, examining how their identities as “seapowers” informed their actions and enabled them to achieve success disproportionate to their size.
 
Lambert demonstrates how creating maritime identities made these states more dynamic, open, and inclusive than their lumbering continental rivals. Only when they forgot this aspect of their identity did these nations begin to decline. Recognizing that the United States and China are modern naval powers—rather than seapowers—is essential to understanding current affairs, as well as the long-term trends in world history. This volume is a highly original “big think” analysis of five states whose success—and eventual failure—is a subject of enduring interest, by a scholar at the top of his game.

Source:yalebooks.yale.edu



Crosbie Smith explores the trials and tribulations of first-generation Victorian mail steamship lines, their passengers, proprietors and the public. Eyewitness accounts show in rich detail how these enterprises engineered their ships, constructed empire-wide systems of steam navigation and won or lost public confidence in the process. Controlling recalcitrant elements within and around steamship systems, however, presented constant challenges to company managers as they attempted to build trust and confidence. Managers thus wrestled to control shipbuilding and marine engine-making, coal consumption, quality and supply, shipboard discipline, religious readings, relations with the Admiralty and government, anxious proprietors, and the media - especially following a disaster or accident. Emphasizing interconnections between maritime history, the history of engineering and Victorian culture, Smith's innovative history of early ocean steamships reveals the fraught uncertainties of Victorian life on the seas.

Source:www.cambridge.org



Ο στόλος των Ελλήνων, Οθωμανών ή Βενετών υπηκόων, διακριτός στη Δύση του 18ου αιώνα ως ο στόλος των «Greci», δηλαδή των Γραικών, κατάφερε να αναπτύξει τις ναυτιλιακές του δραστηριότητες και να αναδειχτεί ως ο κύριος θαλάσσιος μεταφορέας του εμπορίου του Λεβάντε, διεισδύοντας στις αγορές όχι μόνο της Δυτικής Μεσογείου αλλά και σ’ εκείνες του Ατλαντικού, ενώ Έλληνες έμποροι και πλοιοκτήτες είχαν αρχίσει να δραστηριοποιούνται και στον Ινδικό Ωκεανό. Το βιβλίο αυτό αναδεικνύει την άνοδο της ναυτιλίας των Ελλήνων στον «μακρό» 18ο αιώνα, δηλαδή από τις αρχές του 18ου αιώνα μέχρι τις παραμονές της Ελληνικής Επανάστασης. Στηριγμένο σε εκτεταμένη, συλλογική και πρωτογενή αρχειακή έρευνα, που διεξήχθη στο Τμήμα Ιστορίας του Ιονίου Πανεπιστημίου, όπως αναλυτικά αναφέρεται στο κεφάλαιο 2, το παρόν βιβλίο τεκμηριώνει ποσοτικά την άνοδο της ναυτιλίας των Ελλήνων στα κύρια λιμάνια της Θάλασσας της Μεσογείου, αναδεικνύει νέες πτυχές, επιβεβαιώνει παλαιότερα συμπεράσματα της ελληνικής ιστοριογραφίας, ανατρέπει όμως και πολλά από αυτά που θεωρούνταν «κατακτημένη γνώση».