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A large number of Greek and non-Greek books have been published about the maritime and economic history of the Ionian Islands and of the island of Kefalonia, as well. Here, we have chosen to present some of the most important monographs and articles in edited volumes and journals dealing with the maritime history of the Ionian Islands, during the period from early 18th to late 20st century.


1) Andreadis, Andreas, On the Governance and Economic Management of the Seven Islands during the Venetian rule, Volume I, Athens 1914 (in Greek).

2) Andreadis, Andreas, On the Governance and Economic Management of the Seven Islands during the Venetian rule, Volume II, Athens 1914 (in Greek).

3) Anogiatis – Pelé, D., Prontzas, Ε., Corfu 1830-1832. Between feudalism and colonialism, University Studio Press, Thessaloniki 2002 (in Greek).

4) Arvanitakis, Dimitris D., Social conflicts in the town of Zakinthos. The revolution of “popolari” (1628), Ε.L.Ι.Α – Benaki Museum, Athens 2001 (in Greek).

5) Asonitis, Spiros N., Corfu during the Anjou occupation, 13th – 14th century, A’postrofos, Corfu 1999 (in Greek).

6) Chiotis, Panayiotis, Series of historical memoirs, Vo. III, Ek tis Tipografias tis Kiverniseos, Corfu 1863 (in Greek).

7) Fokas, Spyridon G., Greeks in the river shipping of the Lower Danube, Idryma Meleton Chersonisou tou Emou, Thessaloniki 1975 (in Greek).

8) Harlaftis, Gelina, A History of Greek-Owned Shipping 19th – 20th century, Nefeli Editions, Athens 2001 (in Greek and English).

9) Harlaftis, Gelina, with Vlassopoulos Nikos, Pontoporeia, Historical Registry Books of Greek cargo sailing ships and steamships, 1830-1939, E.L.I.A./Niarchos Foundation, Athens 2002 (in Greek).

10) Harlaftis, Gelina, with Beneki, Helen, and Haritatos, Manos (eds.), Ploto, Greek shipowners from the late 18th century to the eve of WWII, E.L.I.A./Niarchos Foundation, Athens 2003 (in Greek and English).

11) Harlaftis, Gelina, and Papakonstantinou, Katerina (eds.), The rise of shipping of Greeks in the 18th century Mediterranean (forthcoming) (in Greek).

12) Idromenos, Andreas Μ., Political history of the Seven Islands during the British protection, Corfu 1935.

13) Kapetanakis, Panayiotis S., ‘The deep-sea going merchant fleet of the Seven Islands during the time of British conquest and protection and the Cephalonian prominence (1809/15-1864). Fleet and ports, cargoes and sea-routes, maritime centres and seamen, entrepreneurship and networks, society and shipowning elites,’ Ph.D. thesis, Dpt of History, Ionian University, Corfu 2010 typescript. ( d/handle/10442/18428) (in Greek).

14) Kapetanakis, Panayiotis S., “The maritime centre of Cephalonia in the era of the British protection: terms of development and supremacy,” Proceedings of the IX International Panionion Conference (Paxos Island, 26-30 May 2010), Eteria Paxinon Meleton (forthcoming) (in Greek).

15) Kardasis, Vasilis Α., Hellenism in the Black Sea: Odessa, Taganrog, Rostov, Marioupolis, TA NEA Editions, Athens 2009 (in Greek).

16) Katsiardi-Hering, Olga, «Austrian policy and Greek Shipping (1750- ca. 1800)», Parousia, Vol. X, 1987, p. 445-537 (in Greek).

17) Krantonelli, Alexandra, Greek piracy and pillage from 18th century until the Greek Revolution, Vivliopolion tis Estias, Athens 1998 (in Greek).

18) Kremidas, Vasilis, Greek Shipping 1776-1835, Vol. 1: Aspects of Mediterranean Shipping, Istoriko Arxio Emporikis Trapezis tis Ellados, Athens 1985 (in Greek).

19) Leontaritis, Georgios, Greek Merchant Shipping, Ε.Μ.Ν.Ε. – Mnimon, Athens 1996 (in Greek).

20) Lountzis, Ermannos, Seven Islands’ Republic, Corfu 1968 (in Greek).

21) Maximos, Serafim, The Greek Merchant Marine during the XVIII century, Stochastis Editions, Athens 1976 (in Greek).

22) Metaxas, Nikolas Β., Mariners of Cephalonia and Ithaca. Biographical notes for 600 mariners (1850-1970), Eteria Meletis Ellinikis Istorias, Athens 2002 (in Greek).

23) Moschopoulos, Georgios Ν., and Zapanti St., Cephalonian Sanita. Free pratique licenses 1846-1864, Vol. Α΄ & Β΄, ΓΑΚ – Archia Nomou Kefallinias, Argostoli 1997 (in Greek).

24) Pagratis, Gerasimos D., «Sea trade in Venetian ruled Corfu (1496-1538)», Ph.D. thesis, Dpt of History, Ionian University, Corfu 2001 (in Greek).

25) Theotokas, Ioannis and Harlaftis, Gelina, Greek Shipping Companies, 1945 – 2000. Organization, administration, strategies, Ε.L.Ι.Α./Niarchos Foundation, Athens 2004 (in Greek).

26) Theotokas, Ioannis and Harlaftis, Gelina, Greek shipowners and shipping businesses. Organization, management and strategy, Alexandria Editions, Athens 2007 (in Greek).

27) Venieris, Dimitrios, Situation in the Seven Islands, Trieste 1804 (in Greek).

28) Visvizi-Donta, Domna, Eastern Mediterranean: Politics and Economic Importance of a Sea (1815-1914), Ant. N. Saccula Editions, Athens-Komotini 2005 (in Greek).

29) Vlassopoulos, Nikos St., The Ionian Islands’ Merchant Shipping (1700-1864), Vol. A & B, Elliniki Euroekdotiki, Athens 1995 (in Greek).

30) Vlassopoulos, Nikos St., Merchant Shipping of Ithaca (1700-1900), Papazisis Editions, Athens 2001 (in Greek).

31) Vlachos, Gerasimos Μ., The Republic of Seven Islands. Regulation od Shipping (1803-1805), Athens 2005 (in Greek).


32) Ardeleanu, Constantin, Evoluţia Intereselor Economice şi Politice Britanice la Gurile Dunării (1829-1914), Muzeul Brăilei-Editura Istros, Brăila 2008.

33) Cernovodeanu, Paul, «British Economic Interests in the Lower Danube and the Balkan Shore of the Black Sea between 1803 and 1829», Journal of European Economic History, Vol. 5, 1976, p. 105-20.

34) Cernovodeanu, Paul, «L’ activité des maisons de commerce et des négotiants ioniens du Bas-Danube Durant l’ intervalle 1829-1853», Actes du Ile Colloque International d’ Histoire, Vol. I, Κ.Ν.Ε. / Ε.Ι.Ε., Athens 1985, p. 91.

35) Cernovodeanu, Paul, and Marinescu Beatrice, «British Trade in the Danubian Ports of Galatz and Braila between 1837 and 1853», Journal of European Economic History, Vol. 8, 1979, p. 707-41.

36) Chircop, J., «The British Imperial Network in the Mediterranean, 1800-1870: A study of regional fragmentation and imperial integration», unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Essex, 1997.

37) Costantini, Massimo, «Commercio e marina», in Piero del Negro & Paolo Preto (ed.), Storia di Venezia; pt.8: L’ultima fase della Serenissima, Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, Roma 1998, p. 560-3.

38) Cottrell, P. L., The Ionian Bank: An Imperial Institution, 1839-1864, Alpha Bank, Historical Archives, Athens 2007.

39) Cova, U., Commercio e navigazione a Trieste e nella Monarchia asburgica da Maria Teresa al 1915, Del Bianco, Udine 1992.

40) Davy, John, Notes and Observations on the Ionian Islands and Malta: with some remarks on Constantinople and Turkey, and on the system of quarantine as at present conducted, Vol. II, Smith, Elder & Co., London 1842.

41) Dontas, Domna, «Les Îles Ioniènnes: la Convention de 1800 et le Traité de 1815», Balkan Studies, Vol. 40, 1999, p. 249-79.

42) Douin, Georges, La Méditerranée de 1803 à 1805. Pirates et Corsaires aux Îles Ioniènnes, Librairie Plon, Paris 1917.

43) Fairlie, S., «Shipping in the Anglo-Russian Grain Trade to 1870», Journal of Maritime History, Vol. 1, 1971, p. 159-175.

44) Fox, Ralph, The Colonial Policy of British Imperialism, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2008.

45) Frucht, Richard Ch., «War, Peace, and Internationality: The Danube, 1789-1916», in Apostolos E. Vacalopoulos, Constantinos D. Svolopoulos, Béla K. Király (ed.), Southeast European Maritime Commerce and Naval Policies from the mid-Eighteenth Century to 1914, Institute for Balkan Studies, Thessaloniki 1988, p. 79-98.

46) Fulvio, Babudieri, «Maritime Commerce of the Habsburg Empire: The Port of Trieste, 1789-1913», in Apostolos E. Vacalopoulos, Constantinos D. Svolopoulos, Béla K. Király (ed.), Southeast European Maritime Commerce and Naval Policies from the mid-Eighteenth Century to 1914, Institute for Balkan Studies, Thessaloniki 1988, p. 221-44.

47) Fusaro, Maria, L’ uva passa. Una guerra commerciale tra Venezia e l’ Inghilterra, Venice University Press, Venezia 1997.

48) Gallant, Thomas W., Experiencing Dominion: Culture, Identity, and Power in the British Mediterranean, University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame – Indiana 2002.

49) Gallant, Thomas W., «Tales from the Dark Side: Transnational Migration, the Underworld and the ‘Other’ Greeks of Diaspora», in Tziovas Dimitris (επιμ.), Greek Diaspora and Migration since 1700: Society, Politics and Culture, Ashgate Publishing, Farnham – England 2009, p. 17-29.

50) Gardner, John Dunn, The Ionian Islands in relation to Greece, with suggestions for advancing our trade with the Turkish countries of the Adriatic, and the Danube, James Ridgway, London 1859.

51) Gekas, Athanasios, «The Commercial Bourgeoisie of the Ionian Islands under British Rule, 1815-1864: Class formation in a semi-colonial society», unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Essex, 2004.

52) Grimani, Francesco, Relazioni Storico-Politiche delle isole del Mare Jonio, Venezia 1856.

53) Harlaftis, Gelina, «The Greek Shipping Sector, c. 1850-2000», Research in Maritime History (International Merchant Shipping in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: The Comparative Dimension), Vol. 37, 2008, p. 79-104.

54) Harlaftis, Gelina, From Diaspora Traders to Shipping Tycoons: The Vagliano Bros», Business History Review, Issue 81, 2007, p. 237-268.

55) Harlaftis, Gelina, «Participation of Greek Merchants and Shipowners in the Black Sea in the 19th Century (1830-1900)», in Lewis R. Fisher & Heldge W. Nordvik (ed.), Shipping and Trade (1750-1950), Leuven University Press, Leuven 1990, p. 47-55.

56) Harlaftis, Gelina, «The fleet ‘dei Greci.’ Ottoman and Venetian Greeks in the Mediterranean sea-trade of the eighteenth century», in Michela d’Angelo, Gelina Harlaftis and Carmell Vassalo (ed.), Making the Waves in the Mediterranean, Messina (forthcoming).

57) Harlaftis, Gelina, «The ‘Eastern Invasion’: The Greeks in the Mediterranean trade and shipping in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries», in Maria Fusaro, Colin Heywood and Mohamed-Salah Omri (ed.), Early Modern Mediterranean Maritime Trade: Intercultural Contacts, Multiple Identities and Shifting Allegiances, IB Tauris (forthcoming).

58) Harlaftis, Gelina, and Laiou, Sophia, «Ottoman State Policy in Mediterranean Trade and Shipping, c.1780-c.1820: The Rise of the Greek-owned Ottoman Merchant Fleet», in Mark Mazower (ed.), Networks of Power in Modern Greece: Essays in Honor of John Campell, Hurst & Company, London 2008, p. 1-44.

59) Harlaftis, Gelina and Kardasis, Vassilis, «International Shipping in the eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea: Istanbul as a maritime center, 1870-1910», in Jeffrey Williamson – Şevket Pamuk (ed.), The Mediterranean Response to Globalization before 1950, Routledge, London 2000, p. 233-65.

60) Holland, Robert – Markides, Diana, The British and the Hellenes: Strugles for Mastery in the Eastern Mediterranean 1850-1960, Oxford University Press, Oxford – New York 2006.

61) Jervis-White-Jervis, Henry, History of the Island of Corfú and of the Republic of the Ionian Islands, Colburn and Co., Publishers, London 1852.

62) Kapetanakis, Panayiotis S., “The Ionian State in the ‘British’ Nineteenth Century, 1814-1864: From Adriatic Isolation to Atlantic Integration”, International Journal of Maritime History, XXII, No. 1, June 2010, p. 163-84.

63) Kapetanakis, Panayiotis S., “Gauging Maritime Trade between the Mediterranean and Northern Europe in the late Eighteenth and the Mid-Nineteenth Centuries, using Electronic Databases,” Journal of Mediterranean Studies (forthcoming).

64) Kapetanakis, Panayiotis S., “The Ionian Danube, 1815-64: Terms and conditions of the Ionian maritime presence in the Danube River, and how the latter has affected the Ionian shipping business’ structures”, in Gelina Harlaftis and Radu G. Păun (eds.), Greeks in 19th Century Romania (Proceedings of the International Conference, Bucharest, 2009, October 2-4), Alpha Bank Historical Archives (forthcoming).

65) Kapetanakis, Panayiotis S., “The Insurance Companies of Odessa in the 19th Century”, entry in the electronic encyclopedia of Mizonos Ellinismou – Black Sea, November 2007 (

66) Kapetanakis, Panayiotis S., “The Theofilatos Family”, entry in the electronic encyclopedia of Mizonos Ellinismou – Black Sea, November 2007 (

67) King, Charles, The Black Sea: A History, Oxford University Press, New York 2004.

68) Kirchner, Walther, Studies in Russian – American commerce 1820-1860, E. J. Brill, Leiden 1975.

69) Kirkwall Viscount, Four Years In The Ionian Islands: Their Political And Social Condition, With A History Of The British Protectorate, Vol. ΙΙ, Chapman & Hall, London 1864.

70) Kitroeff, Alexander, «The Greek Diaspora in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea as seen through American Eyes (1815-1861)», in Speros Vryonis, Jr. (ed.), The Greeks and the Sea, Aristide D. Caratzas – Publisher, New Rochelle – New York 1993, p. 153-71.

71) Kosmatou, Eftychia, «La population des Iles Ioniennes XVIIIème-XIXème siècle», unpublished doctoral dissertation, Universite de Paris I - Pantheon - Sorbonne U.F.R. d' Histoire, Paris 2000.

72) Loukatos, Spyros Dem., Les relations entre la Democratie de Ragouse et la Republique Septinsulaire au debut du XIXe siècle, Association Internationale d’ Etudes du Sud –Est Européen, Sofia 1969.

73) Montgomery, Martin Robert, Gibraltar, Malta and the Ionian Islands, Vol. VII, Henry G. Bohn, London 1837.

74) Montgomery, Martin Robert, History of the British Colonies: Possessions in Europe, Vol. V, James Cochrane and Co., London 1835.

75) Napier, Charles James, The Colonies: Treating of their Value generally - Of the Ionian Islands in particular, Thomas and William Boone, London 1833.

76) Napier, Charles James, Memoir on the roads of Cefalonia, Ridgway J., London 1825.

77) Pagratis, Gerassimos D., «I Consolati della Repubblica Settinsulare (1800-1807) in Sicilia», in the 2nd Mediterranean Maritime History Network Conference, Messina/Taormina, 2-7 Μay 2006, unpublished paper. (

78) Pagratis, Gerassimos D., «Il commercio marittimo greco a Costantinopoli e nel Mar Nero nella seconda metà del XVIII secolo: il caso dei greci suditti veneziani», in Colloquio Internazionale di Studi: Venezia e il Levante tra il XIII e il XVIII secolo (Venezia, Istituto Romeno di Cultura e Ricerca Umanistica, 19–20 ottobre 2006), Annuario dell’ Istituto Romeno di Cultura e Ricerca Umanistica di Venezia, Vol. 9, 2007, p. 73-84.

79) Pagratis, Gerassimos D., «Sources for the Maritime History of Greece (Fifteenth to Seventeenth Centuries)», in Gelina Harlaftis & Carmel Vassallo (επιμ.), New Directions in Mediterranean Maritime History, Research in Maritime History, No. 28, St. John’s – Newfoundland 2004, p. 125 - 146.

80) Papakonstantinou, Katerina, «The Port of Messolonghi: Spatial Allocation and Maritime Expansion in the Eighteenth Century», The Historical Review/La Revue Historique, Vol. VII, 2010, p. 277-97.

81) Paskaleva, Virginia, «Shipping and Trade on the Lower Danube in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries», in Apostolos E. Vacalopoulos, Constantinos D. Svolopoulos, Béla K. Király (ed.), Southeast European Maritime Commerce and Naval Policies from the mid-Eighteenth Century to 1914, Institute for Balkan Studies, Thessaloniki 1988, p. 131-51.

82) Paximadopulos – Stavrinos, Miranda, «Some notes on Britain's attitude towards the Ionian Protectorate», Reprint from the Scientific Annual of ‘Panteios’ Graduate School of Political Science, Athens 1980, p. 514-25.

83) Pratt, Michael, Britain’s Greek Empire: Reflections on the history of the Ionian Islands from the fall of Byzantium, Rex Collings, London 1978.

84) Regolamento della Marina della Repubblica Ionica, con la Tariffa dei Diritti da Percepirsi Dai Consoli, Vice-Consoli, Ed Agenti della Repubblica, In Corfù, nella Stamperia Nazionale, 1805.

85) Rizo Rangabè, Eugène, Livre’ d’ Or de la Noblesse Ionienne. Céphalonie, τόμος ΙΙ, Maison d’ Editions Eleftheroudakis, Athens 1926.

86) Savant, Jean, «The Ionian Islands during the Napoleonic Wars», Naftiki Epitheorisis, Vol. XXXXXI, 1940, p. 431-40.

87) Scrofani, Xavier, Voyage en Gréce, dans les anées 1794 et 1795, J. F. Rolland, Lyon 1834.

88) Sicard, Aîné, Lettres sur Odessa, Pluchart et Comp., Saint Petersburg 1812.

89) Siegelbaum, Lewis, «The Odessa Grain Trade: A Case Study in Urban Growth and Development in Tsarist Russia», Journal of European Economic History, Vol. 9, 1980, p. 113-51.

90) Stavrianos, Leften Stavros, The Balkans since 1453, Hurst & Co. Publishers, London 2000.

91) The Ionian Islands, Reply to a pamphlet, James Ridgway, London 1851.